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What are the different types of periodontal disease?

The different types of periodontal disease are often classified by the stage the disease has advanced to at the time of evaluation, including:


With gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, the gums are likely to become red, swollen, and tender, causing them to bleed easily during daily cleanings and flossing.

Gingivitis can be divided into four groups, including:

  • acute - gingivitis that has sudden onset, does not last long and is painful.
  • subacute - a less severe form of acute gingivitis.
  • recurrent - gingivitis that returns after treatment.
  • chronic - gingivitis that has slow onset, lasts a long time, and is usually painless.


Treatment by your adolescent's dentist and proper, consistent care at home help to resolve the problems associated with gingivitis. If the gingivitis is not treated, it may lead to periodontitis.

Mild periodontitis

Untreated gingivitis leads to mild periodontitis. This stage of gum disease shows evidence of the bone around the tooth starting to erode.

The following are the most common symptoms of periodontitis:

  • red, bleeding gums
  • bad taste in the mouth
  • pockets around the bottom of the teeth in the gum line
  • the teeth may become loose and spread apart (as the disease worsens)
  • tooth loss


Prompt medical attention is necessary to prevent further erosion and damage.

Moderate to advanced periodontitis

This most advance stage of gum disease shows significant bone and tissue loss surrounding the teeth.